De Luca CJ, Buccafusco JJ, Roy SH, et al. 2007. [Medline] . 33(3):369-76. . Yurumez Y, Durukan P, Yavuz Y, et al. 2006 Feb. 34(2):502-10. . The most affected age group was 15-24 years (40.5%), in both sexes. Schexnayder S, James LP, Kearns GL, Farrar HC. The electromyographic signal as a presymptomatic indicator of organophosphates in the body. The US Food and Drug Administration has approved the pediatric use of pralidoxime chloride for the treatment of poisoning by organophosphate … Yurumez Y, Durukan P, Yavuz Y, et al. Muscle Nerve. Intern Med . 2007. Crit Care Med. 46(13):965-9. The pharmacokinetics of continuous infusion pralidoxime in children with organophosphate poisoning. Phrenic nerve conduction studies in acute organophosphate poisoning. All other children recovered completely. Yurumez Y, Durukan P, Yavuz Y, et al. 2007. 2006. Acute organophosphate poisoning in university hospital emergency room patients. Intern Med . 46(13):965-9. [Medline] . Intern Med . 2000 Apr. The most common organophosphate compounds exposed were dichlorvos, diazinon and parathion-methyl. Singh G, Sidhu UP, Mahajan R, et al. One child (organophosphate poisoning) died shortly after arrival at the emergency department. Acute organophosphate poisoning in university hospital emergency room patients. Organophosphates may be used as weapons in chemical attacks on civilian or military populations. Acute organophosphate poisoning in university hospital emergency room patients. 46(13):965-9. Schexnayder S, James LP, Kearns GL, Farrar HC. 2006 Feb. 34(2):502-10. . Organophosphate (OP) compounds are a diverse group of chemicals used in both domestic and industrial settings. Yurumez Y, Durukan P, Yavuz Y, et al. 46(13):965-9. Acute organophosphate poisoning in university hospital emergency room patients. [Medline] . 2007. Timing required to administer organophosphate antidotes using traditional equipment vs. auto-injectors has not been studied. Peter JV, Moran JL, Graham P. Oxime therapy and outcomes in human organophosphate poisoning: an evaluation using meta-analytic techniques. 2007. Standard treatment involves administration of intravenous atropine and oxime to counter acetylcholinesterase inhibition at the synapse. 46(13):965-9. Yurumez Y, Durukan P, Yavuz Y, et al. Antidotes are available to counter the effects of organophosphates, but they must be administered shortly after exposure. Peter JV, Moran JL, Graham P. Oxime therapy and outcomes in human organophosphate poisoning: an evaluation using meta-analytic techniques. Acute organophosphate poisoning in university hospital emergency room patients. Muscle Nerve. Oral ingestion (86.5%) was found to be the most common route of poisoning. 23(4):627-32. . Crit Care Med. BACKGROUND: Acute organophosphorus pesticide poisoning causes tens of thousands of deaths each year across the developing world. Intern Med . 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