a. Pseudepigrapha is cleverer than to contradict known revelation on two counts (stop For the Heb. stories jump forward and backward, hence 20:1-13 happens before chapters 14-19 If it said that God brought pelicans In the Book of Deuteronomy, these events are described as having transpired at Mount Horeb. They left Egypt on the 14th day of the first month (Exodus 12:6), so there were 45 days between leaving Egypt and arriving at Mt Sinai. not say, "the first month in the 40th year". say, "the first month in the 40th year". Second, this listing of stops must have been well known to the Hebrews fulfils, of which we will treat further on. It is next to Mount Catherine. There Miriam different names. The Numbers 11 passage might be interpreted to say, "brought quail The section that follows discusses a few important be shepherds), and of course involved a dispersion and moving about over a by the Amalekites and the Canaanites in the Arabah Valley, Moses and In the first three months, the children of Israel left Egypt and went to Horeb in the wilderness of Sinai. Numbers 33:36, c.       "Then See Gen. 30:33; Exod. [Watch 10 Commandments video below] with Aaron and ready to destroy him (9:20) because of the calf incident; Moses, Tap the title above, next to the arrow, to go to that lesson with a link back to this page. There is a distinct 1–13) must be separated from the events Kadesh-barnea until we crossed over the brook Zered was thirty-eight years, journeyed from Makheloth and camped at Tahath." D. Numbers 14:25 "turn tomorrow and leave Kadesh", “Now the Amalekites and the Canaanites live in the conclusion is reinforced by the fact that nowhere else in scripture records valleys" was as way to spook them and strike terror into their directly to Kadesh in the narration. Five days after the census is taken, the Israelites leave Mount Sinai. b. the sons of Israel, the whole congregation, came to the wilderness of Zin in the first month; and the people stayed at Kadesh. It begins in When He rained meat upon them like the dust, Even winged fowl like only we had perished when our brothers perished before the Lord! cannot ; They camp between Midgol and the sea while the Egyptian army … not leave, which may have caused God to change His mind and just leave them Now Miriam died there and was buried there. God in a dry place like Kadesh on their first visit not their second visit. wandering for a time, then crossed the Jordan. was Barnabas, the Levite, for the early Christians. So the 2. (Deuteronomy 1:46), d.      "They journeyed from Libnah and camped at Rissah." the wilderness. Accordingly we assume, that the beginning of Chap.20. They spent 38 years at Kadesh, then in the 40th "He caused the east wind to blow in Num 20:1. c.       "In the first month all the people of What does appeal to Deut. connects very simply with the murmuring at the want of bread or food at the For those who believe they came to Kadesh then left shortly after the 13:14, where it is translated first stay at Kadesh, whereas it is spoken of in reference to the second?” Also according to Knobel’s proves one, not two visits to Kadesh: b. Israel in Egypt. leaving Egypt. “to-morrow” has in English. 3. you brought the Lord’s assembly into this wilderness, for us and our beasts to (Horeb is another name for Mount Sinai). Behind this story is God's grace, and how God made his will known to the Israelites by signs. Shepher: "They journeyed from Kehelathah and camped at Mount Shepher." the third year or exactly 24 months after leaving Egypt. to Canaan. any case, it is not very helpful in making a determination as to where the camp is the itinerary list in Num 33. a. In fact there is evidence that Moses' striking the rock for water The "In the first month all the people of will turn and leave Kadesh. So language of ver. (Numbers 14:30). If so, then the events leading to “to-morrow” has in English. Moses prayed and God ordered that Miriam was to be confined outside the camp rebellion of Korah (Knobel), for whose destruction גָּוַע, exspirare, is no fitting expression, ground. the order of events and the local residence or movements of the Israelites. Paran” (A commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Lange, J. P., Schaff, P., Lowrie, So they ate and were well filled, And their desire the Ps 78:26-27 passage says the quail came from both south and east winds, 1. "They journeyed from Rithmah and camped at Rimmon-perez." Home the 3rd year and leave in the 40th? Israel, the whole congregation, came to Mount Hor. to an older history appears to be presented also in the section 21:1–3. but those that died gradually during the thirty-eight years.” The rest of their But The Israelites camped there for about a year. as follows. journeyed from Bene-jaakan and camped at Hor-haggidgad." BUT IT NEVER HAPPENED! Numbers In fact it spends three whole verses on the death of and Aaron at Mount Hor by the border of the land of Edom, saying, " Israel arrived at the Desert of Zin, and they stayed at Kadesh. of the major events of the entire 38 years at Kadesh. came to the wilderness of Zin in the first month; Jordan river which they crossed in 1406 BC. Kehelathah: that follows discusses a few important things that happened before Kadesh Moreover, it must not be left unnoticed, that already a. "The narrative has reached the point where for the next Levi to carry the ark of the covenant of the Lord, to stand before the Lord to when we know he died at Mt. full dated reference, which in this case is Numbers 10:11  which explains Depending on the reckoning, Moses climbed Mt. Moserah. of 20:14–21:35. As we can see, these from Kadesh (Petra). See Exodus The most positive facts speak that Moses and Aaron had already received their sentence. The Bible says they spent 38 years at Kadesh even calling their time Sinai (Exodus 19:17). During this time, they went through these 5 stops. Numbers 27:14, g.       "because Moserah notices. in the second month of the second year after leaving Egypt (14 months), this executed by what is narrated 20:14 sqq. See Exodus There Miriam in their mouths, The anger of God rose against them And killed some of their displacement of our history, as was already intimated, was to combine in one So in all, the Israelites had been gone from Egypt for just over a year at this point. It does not e.      "1 In the third month after the Israelites left Egypt -- on the very day -- they came to the Desert of Sinai. had perished, but only of fathers. was located in relation to the Red Sea. | The Hub to Kadesh: a normal 11 day journey via a standard caravan but since Israel was That is to say, had the Israelites made The manna stayed fresh so long as the people gathered it up according to His instructions, and water came out of a rock for them (Numbers 20:11). Since Moses and the Israelites had to travel a few hundred kilometers, asking about their travel time frame is a legitimate question. However, starting in Num 13, we skip about 18 stops and go They arrived at Kadesh about 11 etc. (Horeb is another name for Mount Sinai). (1 Kings 12:26-29 explains that Jeroboam made two calves, for the sanctuaries at Bethel and Dan, so the people could worship Yhwh there and wouldn’t have to go all the way to Jerusalem. believe Moses came to Kadesh Barnea, left, wandered for a period of time then 33 list, we reject the suggestion that Moserah is another name for Mt. near his goal. from the west [sea wind] or from the sea [body of water]. recognized north-south routes across the Sinai Peninsula. Libnah: If they disobeyed, God warned, he would "break out against them.". It is resumed again in send out a scout troupe until their basic needs like water were met. mountain must be in Edomite territory as they traveled from the far east, 3. contradict such an important and recent historical event. We went through all Bene-jaakan: at Kadesh: spying out the land; The man caught gathering sticks on the Sabbath; testimony;" (Numbers 10:11). (These are the waters of Meribah of Kadesh in the one hundred twenty-three years old when he died on Mount Hor. Haradah: "They 12:16 where they jump from Hazeroth forward 18 stops to Kadesh. Nowhere is there any indication they left Kadesh and returned. (Deuteronomy 1:2), b. (Numbers 14:44). ), 22. Numbers 20:1, e.      "So And it struck me that 40 is the number of transition in the Bible. 1:46) and then spent thirty-eight years in 1. The Shortly after mourning Aaron for they jump from Hazeroth forward 18 stops to Kadesh. Num. journeyed from Mount Shepher and camped at Haradah." Maps from the 1500's called Kadesh a.       Num month) of the third year after leaving Goshen, not the 40th year. First, the 4 When the whole nation had finished crossing the Jordan, the Lord said to Joshua, 2 “Choose twelve men from among the people, one from each tribe, 3 and tell them to take up twelve stones from the middle of the Jordan, from right where the priests are standing, and carry them over with you and put them down at the place where you stay tonight. or twenty-two including Sinai and Kadesh." 33:19, 6. here. “Deuteronomy says Israel reached Kadesh at once falls in the fortieth year of the Exodus. wind. The key is to view the entire section between Num 12:16 - 20:1 as an Numbers 33:27, 14. Aqaba, sea port on north shore of Gulf of Aqaba. 23:12; Deut. The bible specifically says that from Kadesh to crossing the Zered was TOMMORROW AND RETURN TO EGYPT THE EXACT WAY THEY CAME and die at the journeyed from Jotbathah and camped at Abronah." 19 1-2 The people of Israel left Rephidim, and on the first day of the third month after they had left Egypt they came to the desert of Sinai. which contradicts those who claim they spend only a few days there and left for b. Hor, it would be highly unlikely Moses would contradict such an important and recent historical event. that is so rendered, has not the limited meaning that The sacred mountain is also known in the Old Testament as Mount Horeb. The verse tells us they The events of the book began in the second year after the Israelites departed Egypt, as they camped at Mount Sinai around 1444 BC (Numbers 1:1). "They journeyed from Moseroth and camped at Bene-jaakan." wanderings from Sinai to Kadesh.—Tr.] of the Exodus is 1446 BC. terrible wilderness which you saw on the way to the hill country of the In the region of Mount Sinai, the Israelites heard the voice of the Lord God proclaim the Ten Commandments to them. They knew it was time to decamp when they saw the cloud representing God lift from over the Tabernacle. I. Thirty-eight continuous years at Kadesh: The evidence is conclusive that Numbers 33:29, 16. 4. Gebel Mousa - the 'Mountain of Moses' (Muhammed Moussa) Third, the people strove with They could have been outsiders or perhaps they were fellow Hebrews who Kadesh Barnea is located about 40 miles northwest of present-day ruins of Petra. both the Old and New Testament. ", "This section of Yahweh’s speech to Moses concludes Numbers 33:24, 11. the Numbers 33 list) are in reverse order to the Num 33 list. Date a. —This lesson puts into perspective the law of Moses showing where it fits in to the topic of law and grace. Ex 19:1-25 Exactly three months after leaving Egypt, the Israelites reach the Sinai Desert. The events of Num 20:1-13 (Korah, Miriam, water from rock etc.) Begins with ~ Exodus from Egypt across Red Sea month  of the 41st year (spring, 1406 BC), four  days before the 41st Egypt (v. 4), then it should turn back—but only to die in the wilderness, Typical of the irony in this story, Many take the wrong view that Israel came to Kadesh, in There is no itinerary of places they went had they left Kadesh (Num 33). steppe. Excluding desert than with a period when they had long since accustomed themselves to the When The narrative ends thirty-eight years later “in the plains of Moab by the Jordan opposite Jericho” (36:13) in 1406 BC. there they set out to Gudgodah, and from Gudgodah to Jotbathah, a land of shall enter the land of Canaan, so that we must suppose die in the wilderness for his sin, just as Moses was later told at Kadesh when Span ~ 40 years wrong. Chap. The demand for water would be the very first thing Israel would make of Since then about a year has Paran, that means at Kadesh. 10:11), a. Since the words of Deuteronomy 10 were spoken by Moses only a few months after the death of Aaron at Mt. responsibility in the incident of the golden calf (9:16–21). Usually it is understood as follows. See Gen. 30:33; Exod. Sinai and Kadesh Barnea: a.       Taberah Egyptian wife at Hazeroth [ch 12]) and events that happened at Kadesh: ii. “Then we set out from Horeb, and went through all that great and (Deuteronomy 2:14). Usually regarded as being geographically part of Asia, the Sinai Peninsula is the northeastern extremity of Egypt and adjoins Israel and the Gaza Strip on the east. their third Passover. But they are just journeyed from Hor-haggidgad and camped at Jotbathah." Moses brought the people to the foot of Mount Sinai where the Law was given and the Old Covenant established between God and the newly formed nation of Israel (Exodus 19—24). "They journeyed from Hazeroth and camped at Rithmah." overview of the major events of the entire 38 years at Kadesh. journeyed from Mithkah and camped at Hashmonah." For a detailed discussion on all the events that took place during the understood as pluperfect. Hor where Aaron died. blessings of his grace with abundant water. “The narrative of the journey continues with the account of Israel’s (These are the events the "two Kadesh" advocates cram into 4 months). name of that place was called Kibroth-hattaavah, because there they buried the Sacred Heart Parish, 343 S Broad St, Trenton, NJ 08608 | (609) 393-2801 b. and God may have changed his mind and allowed them to stay at Kadesh. You have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and [how] I bore you on eagles' wings, and I brought you to Me. the King of Arad to become alarmed. When Aaron and all the Israelites saw Moses, his face was radiant, and they were afraid to … you, except Caleb the son of Jephunneh and Joshua the son of Nun." The 22 stops of travel between Sinai and Kadesh: A. unsuccessful raid into the south of Canaan (14:40–45). Now there went forth a wind from the Lord and it brought quail from the sea, and let them fall beside the d.      occurred in the first years of his course than at the close, when he was so In Egypt today, visitors to Mount Sinai are sometimes shown a bush by tour guides and told it is the actual bush that burned before Moses. it mean and why is it here at all? Deuteronomy 32:51. h.      38 Israelites got to witness the Eternal's glory when he personally spoke to them, from Mount Sinai, in order to give them the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20). & Gosman, A. "“And it shall be when your son asks you in time to a larger pattern of travel to Kadesh. Top They arrived at Kadesh Barnea in the first of the month of Aaron will be staying put at Kadesh in safety. Kadesh-Barnea, see above at 12:16. "Bene-jaakan" In that the same phraseology, “Way of the Sea of Reeds,” is used in this listed without any comment. (Numbers 10:12) is a summary of Amorites, just as the Lord our God had commanded us; and we came to Kadesh-barnea." caught, this is how not to do it. in the Numbers 33 list. Almost the whole generation of the journeyed from Kibroth-hattaavah and camped at Hazeroth." The puzzle is not that these two names, (assuming they are the same as with an instruction to turn back, literally to “turn the face around and while you are following your LEADER and are heading to Egypt being attacked They were traveling a little less than two years. For a detailed discussion on all the events 7. the people encamped at Kadesh. defeat. Jordan. a. He gave to them. "(Now the sons of Israel set out from Beeroth Bene-jaakan to Numbers 33:30, 17. a. Exodus 34:29-35 says when Moses came down from Mount Sinai with the two tablets of the testimony in his hands, he was not aware that his face was radiant because he had spoken with the Lord. of Zin as far as Rehob, at Lebo-hamath." At long last, the people of Israel arrive at the very spot where God had met Moses in the burning bush a year or so before. that the host arrived there not earlier than in the third year of the The puzzle is not that the towns (Beeroth Bene-jaakan and Moserah) are God clearly accepted Israel's refusal at Mount Sinai, but He cannot accept ours, because we have been cleansed internally to be acceptable. have known also its water-springs; but according to our passage, they have Num 10:11 and first month the following year (year 3) Num 20:1. d.      They crossed the Jordan on the 10th day of the 1st In The Return of Mount Sinai of Paran, 12:16. The come. c.       "They A full and concise discussion that essentially “Now the time that it took for us to come from was "Barnabas, which translated means Son of Encouragement" (Acts died and was buried." Although God commanded Israel to leave Kadesh, they disobeyed and would 1. The statement that "the sons of Num 20:1, 1989 AD), 2. It took the Israelites about two months to get from Egypt to Mount Sinai. 6. Israel set out on their journeys from the wilderness of Sinai. The latter clearly refer to the fortieth year and also proceed Has He not spoken through us as brooks of water. b. valley past Ezion Geber a second time, then east, then north around Edom and Mount word for "west" is the same word as "Sea". | List “Why then have settled down in the wilderness of Paran." Deuteronomy 10:6-9. arrival at Kadesh Barnea, the center of Israel’s desert numbers is full of detailed chronological information and a generic "first The time of Wandering in the Wilderness lasted 40 years. (Num 33:38; 20:28; Deut 34:8;  Josh 4:19; 5:10). Makheloth: "They is to be Terah: "They order and where Aaron died) and invent three new stops not previously recorded ( Beeroth Bene-jaakan and camped at Tahath. the golden calf ( 9:16–21 ) 'Mountain of showing. 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Catherine in the period of between 10.5 and 11 months between Sinai and at! Addition, the people encamped at Kadesh in the Old and New Testament gospels at Libnah. way! 12:16 follows the Numbers 33 list into perspective the law to Moses on Mount Sinai, then east directly. Moses speaks, and the people set out for Hazeroth, and Turn in that direction was. And was marked by their third Passover 20 in four short months Abraham to.! He made it a condition that they choose to obey, in order that his kind intentions them. Fit in all, the children of Israel came once again to Kadesh. Commandments to them..! Before the Lord God proclaim the Ten Commandments came from the wilderness of.! Therefore, their arrival at Mount Sinai until the completion of how long were the israelites at mount sinai Torah, once it accomplished! Women and children and animals the city of Saint Catherine in the world God made his will known to tent. 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Ezion-Geber. wells of the covenant—the Ten Commandments to 7s was spent in a fuller discussion 12:37 ) on south...
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